ISO 100

ISO (International Organization for Standardization) is the world's largest developer and publisher of International Standards.
An ISO standard is a technical specification describing objectives and sometimes method(s) to achieve them.
There are today over sixteen thousand ISO standards regulating a wide range of industries, including the graphic industry which counts around 100 standards and technical specifications such as: ISO 5 Density measurements, ISO 2846-1  Color and transparency of ink, ISO 3664 Viewing conditions, ISO 12218 Offset plate making, ISO 12646 Color displays - Characteristics and viewing, ISO 12647 (and TS 10128) Printing processes, ISO 13655 Spectral measurement and colorimetric computation, ISO 15076 ICC-Color Management, ISO 15930 PDF/X, ISO 17972 CxF and many others...

Each technical operation from design to print, excluding creative work, can be done today according to a standard.

There are many interdependent standards which can be found here

 

ISO 12647-2:2004 Offset lithographic processes

 

ISO 12647-7:2007 Proofing processes working directly from digital data

 

ISO 12647-8 Validation printing processes working directly from digital data

 

ISO 15339-1 Printing from digital data across multiple technologies --

Part 1: Principles and characterized reference printing conditions. A good primer is here

ISO 3664:2009 Graphic technology and photography -- Viewing conditions

ISO 12646:2008 Graphic technology -- Displays for colour proofing -- Characteristics and viewing conditions

ISO 15930-1:2001 Complete exchange using CMYK data (PDF/X-1 and PDF/X-1a)